Science News: Week of June 7, 2009

Our weekly compilation of science news for the week of June 7, 2009.

Biologist discovers pink-winged moth in Chiricahua Mountains: University of Arizona biologist and amateur insect collector Bruce Walsh has published his discovery of a new species of moth.

China launches green power revolution to catch up on west: Beijing aspires to hit 20% renewable target by 2020 with $30 billion for low-carbon projects.

Concern over breast cancer patients taking high-dose vitamin supplements: Many women receiving treatment for breast cancer may unknowingly undermine the chances of it working by taking high-dose antioxidant vitamins.

Evolution can occur in less than 10 years: UC Riverside-led study shows wild Trinidadian guppies adapted in less than 30 generations to a new environment.

Galactic black holes may be more massive than thought: Predictions and observations could resolve seeming mismatch between close and distant giants.

New Technologies Allow Scientists to Watch Cells in Motion: Some cells are slow, some fast, and some are dangerous wanderers.

Nicotine’s role in SIDS: New study in rats explains how smoke exposure may increase risk of sudden infant death syndrome.

Off-label morning sickness drug deemed safe for fetuses: Collaborative research findings published in New England Journal of Medicine support safe use of metoclopramide for morning sickness nausea.

Study says colorectal cancer increasing in young adults: The authors theorize that these increases may be related to rising rates of obesity and changes in dietary patterns, including increased consumption of fast food.

To read the study:

Siegel, R., Jemal, A., & Ward, E. (2009). Increase in Incidence of Colorectal Cancer Among Young Men and Women in the United States Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention, 18 (6), 1695-1698 DOI: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-09-0186

Tracking down the causes of multiple sclerosis: Scientists from the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology in Martinsried and an international research team have succeeded in attaining three important new insights into the disease.

To read the studies:

Krishnamoorthy, G., Saxena, A., Mars, L., Domingues, H., Mentele, R., Ben-Nun, A., Lassmann, H., Dornmair, K., Kurschus, F., Liblau, R., & Wekerle, H. (2009). Myelin-specific T cells also recognize neuronal autoantigen in a transgenic mouse model of multiple sclerosis Nature Medicine, 15 (6), 626-632 DOI: 10.1038/nm.1975

Pollinger, B., Krishnamoorthy, G., Berer, K., Lassmann, H., Bosl, M., Dunn, R., Domingues, H., Holz, A., Kurschus, F., & Wekerle, H. (2009). Spontaneous relapsing-remitting EAE in the SJL/J mouse: MOG-reactive transgenic T cells recruit endogenous MOG-specific B cells Journal of Experimental Medicine, 206 (6), 1303-1316 DOI: 10.1084/jem.20090299